Port Sudan

Port Sudan was built in 1905 to replace Suakin. An oil pipeline was built between the port and Khartoum in 1977. Suakin is a port city in northeastern Sudan, on the west coast of the Red Sea, it was formerly the region's chief port, but is now secondary to Port Sudan, about 50 kilometers (30 mi) north. Suakin used to be considered the height of medieval luxury on the Red Sea, but the old city built of coral is now in ruins. In 1983 it had a population of 18,030 and the 2009 estimate is 43,337.[2] Ferries run daily from Suakin to Jeddah in Saudi Arabia.

Ottoman and colonial rule Suakin in 1928
In 1517, the Ottoman sultan Salim I conquered the port, and after a brief occupation by the Funj, it was thereafter the residence of the pasha of the Ottoman province of Habeş. Under the Turks, Suakin declined sharply, as the Portuguese explorers discovered and perfected the sea route around Africa: when the Ottomans were unable to stop this trade, the local merchants began to abandon the town.
Some trade was kept up with the Sultanate of Sennar, but by the 18th and 19th centuries, the Swiss traveler Johann Ludwig Burckhardt found two-thirds of the homes in ruin.
The Khedive Ismail received Suakin from the Ottomans in 1865 and attempted to revitalize it: Egypt built new houses, mills, mosques, hospitals, even a church for immigrant Copts.
British and colonial involvement
The British Army was involved at Suakin in 1883–1885 and Lord Kitchener was there in this period leading the Egyptian Army contingent. Suakin was his headquarters and his force survived a lengthy siege there.
The Australian colonial forces of Victoria offered their torpedo boat HMVS Childers, and gunboats HMVS Victoria and HMVS Albert, which arrived in Suakin on 19 March 1884 on their delivery voyage from Britain, only to be released as fighting had moved inland. They departed on 23 March, arriving in Melbourne on 25 June 1884. An essentially civilian military force of 770 men from New South Wales, including some of the Naval Brigade, arrived in Suakin in March 1885 and served until mid-May.
After the Mahdi’s defeat, the British preferred to develop the new Port Sudan rather than engage in the extensive rebuilding and expansion that would be necessary to make Suakin comparable. By 1922, the last of the British had left.


Find More  

Ultimate Adventure Holiday

Please tell me I didn’t get old. Anything but old. I was young! Oh… is he grey? It’s a fez. I wear a fez now. Fezzes are cool. Usually called ‘The Doctor.’ Or ‘The Caretaker.’ Or ‘Get off this planet.’ Though, strictly speaking, that probably isn’t a name. I once spent a hell of a long time trying to get …

Continue reading  

8 Useful Tools for Planning a Great Trip

Cup aftertaste, single shot affogato mocha cup variety frappuccino. And qui, french press percolator, sugar robusta aftertaste decaffeinated chicory. Mocha, viennese medium cappuccino steamed variety beans ristretto aromatic and steamed. Lungo, carajillo dark brewed, café au lait con panna instant java mug irish. Kopi-luwak percolator, crema skinny barista mocha black. Sit, as, seasonal sit sweet et ristretto. Java macchiato, cortado, …

Continue reading  

Unusual Places to Consider Visiting

You’re a good guy, mon frere. That means brother in French. I don’t know how I know that. I took four years of Spanish. I figured out a way to make money while I’m working! What’s gotten into you? Have you been eating cheese? Hahahahah! Turns out he ended up getting too friendly with the teddy bear. Cinque Terre, Italy …

Continue reading